How to Type in Malayalam using Lipikaar

Lipikaar is a simple method for typing in Malayalam on an ordinary keyboard. It requires only some familiarity with the regular English keyboard and encourages the user to think in his/her regional language. It works on all Windows Applications which support Unicode - MS Word, Excel, Power Point, Internet Explorer and others.

Rule 1:

Repeatedly type the closest sounding key till you see the correct script character.

Type s once for , twice for and thrice for .
Also, to attach or to an alphabet as in ക്ര, കൃ type r repeatedly after the alphabet.
For ക്ര , type krr, for കൃ, type krrr.

Rule 2:

Type x after the character to get its half-character.

For മേലോട്ട് , type meelootttxtttx ; for ഉണ്ട് type uuunnxtttx

Rule 3:

Type z to add a special symbol of the script.

For example ം ഃ ഴ ഽ

English to Malayalam Mapping Guide

Refer to the following table to understand the mapping for the different characters in the script.

a ാ അ ആ
b ബ ഭ
c ച ഛ ക്ഷ
d ദ ധ ഡ ഢ ദ്ധ ദ്വ ദ്യ ദ്ദ ദ്ന ദ്മ
e െ േ ൈ എ ഏ ഐ
g ഗ ഘ ങ
h ഹ ഹ്മ ഹ്യ ഹ്ല ഹ്ന ഹ്വ
i ി ീ ഇ ഈ
j ജ ഝ ജ്ഞ ഞ ഴ
k ക ഖ ൿ ക്ത
l ല ള ല്‍ ള്‍   ൢ   ൣ ഌ ൡ
n ന ണ ന്‍ ണ്‍
o ൊ ോ ൌ ഒ ഓ ഔ ൗ
p പ ഫ
q zwj zwnj
r ര ്ര ൃ ൄ ര് റ റ് ര്‍ ഋ ൠ
s സ ശ ഷ ശ്ര
t ത ഥ ട ഠ ത്ര
u ു ൂ ഉ ഊ
y യ ഞ
z ം ഃ ഴ ഽ
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

Tips for Faster Typing:

  • Use capital case (Left SHIFT + key) to type some commonly used characters faster.
  • Use Ctrl+Alt+L to switch between English and your language.
A അ ആ
C ഛ ക്ഷ
D ഡ ഢ
E എ ഏ ഐ
I ഇ ഈ
J ഴ ഞ
K ൿ
L ല്‍ ള്‍ ഌ ൡ
N ന്‍ ണ്‍
O ഒ ഓ ഔ
R റ ര്‍ ഋ ൠ
S ശ ഷ ശ്ര
T ട ഠ ത്ര
U ഉ ഊ


The following table shows how to type some commonly used conjunct consonants.

= ട്ട

= ജ്ജ

= ക്ക

= ശ്ച

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