How to Type in Sanskrit using Lipikaar

Lipikaar is a simple method for typing in Sanskrit on an ordinary keyboard. It requires only some familiarity with the regular English keyboard and encourages the user to think in his/her regional language. It works on all Windows Applications which support Unicode - MS Word, Excel, Power Point, Internet Explorer and others.

Rule 1:

Repeatedly type the closest sounding key till you see the correct script character.

Type s once for , twice for and thrice for .
Also, to attach र, ऋ to an alphabet as in क्र,कृ type r repeatedly after the alphabet.
For क्र, type krr, for कृ, type krrr

Rule 2:

Type x after the character to get its half-character.

For परस्परं type prsxprz ; For बन्धुत्व type bnxddutxv ; For स्वतन्त्राः type sxvtnxtxrazz

Rule 3:

Type z to add a special symbol of the script.

For example ं ः ़ ँ । ऽ ॐ


English to Sanskrit Mapping Guide

Refer to the following table to understand the mapping for the different characters in the script.


a ा अ आ ऄ
b ब भ
c च छ क्ष
d द ध ड ढ द्ध द्व द्न द्य द्द द्म
e े ै ॅ ॆ ए ऐ ऍ ऎ
f फ फ़
g ग घ ज्ञ ङ ग़
h ह ह्म ह्य ह्ल ह्न ह्व
i ि ी इ ई
j ज झ ञ ज्ञ ज़
k क ख क्त क़ ख़
l ल ळ ऴ ॢ ॣ ऌ ॡ
m
n न ण ऩ
o ो ौ ॉ ॊ ओ औ ऑ ऒ
p
q zwj zwnj
r र ्र ृ र् ॄ ऋ ॠ
s स श ष श्र
t त थ ट ठ त्र
u ु ू उ ऊ
v,w
x
y य य़ ञ
z ं ः ़ ँ । ऽ ॐ
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

Special Character Combinations:

Zero Width Joiner and Zero Width Non-Joiner are special characters which cannot be seen on screen but their presence cause characters to join differently.

Tips for Faster Typing:

  • Use capital case (Left SHIFT + key) to type some commonly used characters faster.
  • Use Ctrl+Alt+L to switch between English and your language.
A अ आ ऄ
B
C छ क्ष
D ड ढ ड़ ढ़
E ए ऐ ऍ ऎ
F
G
I इ ई
J झ ञ
K
L ळ ऌ ॡ
N ण ऩ
O ओ औ ऑ ऒ
R ऋ ॠ
S श ष श्र
T ट ठ त्र
U उ ऊ
Y
Z । ऽ

Examples:

The following table shows how to type some commonly used conjunct consonants.



ttt
+
x
+
ttt
= ट्ट

cc
+
x
+
r
= छ्र
क्
kx
+ व्
vx
+
y
= क्व्य

k
+
x
+
t
= क्त

k
+ [ZWJ]
xq
+
t
= क्‍त

k
+ [ZWNJ]
xqq
+
t
= क्‌त

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